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Basic Greek

This section of the site provides you with an introduction to Basic Greek including the Greek alphabet, numbers, days of the week, month names as well as common phrases in Greek. In addition, at the bottom of this page you can find a number of basic Greek words as well.

Greek Alphabet

LettersGreek Pronunciation

Cyprus Mountains

Cyprus is a small island and does not have a lot of mountains but it has some quite impressive ones. Those include Kyrenia Mountains, Mount Olympus (Troodos), Troodos mountain, Pentadaktylos mountain and Stavrovouni (mountain). The most famous ones are those of Troodos mountain and Pentadaktylos one.

Cyprus cities

Cyprus is divided into six main districts, including major cities with their suburbs based on the constitution of 1960. The main cities are:

Cyprus flora

Cyprus, with its particular location in the eastern part of the Mediterranean, presents one of the richest flora in the area. This is due to various reasons such as its geological structure, the climatic conditions, the island character, the sea which surrounds it as well as the topographic layout. The study of the Cypriot flora is one of the most important activities of the forest department.

Cyprus Airlines

1. Aegean Airlines,
Telephone : 22654000
Fax : 22374222
Address : P.O Box 23821
Email : 

2. Aeroflot Russian Airlines
Telephone : 22669071
Address :31, Omirou Aven., 1097 Nicosia, Cyprus
Email :

Cyprus snakes

At the mere mention of the word snake, we are completely taken over by fear. In general young and old have learnt to be afraid of snakes and unfortunately kill them. This is completely wrong. The snakes in Cyprus are a treasure and must be treated with respect.

Marine traffic around Cyprus

You can use the map below to view the ships and vessels around Cyprus. Click on "Ship" icon to view all the information about that ship.

Cyprus Wine History

According to tradition, the Cypriots are the eldest wine producers in the world. Until lately, clues showed that the production of wine in Cyprus began around 2000 B.C. Recently though, Italian archaeologists studied the number of containers which were found in 1993 by the Cypriot Archaeologist Porfirios Dikeos in Erimi. This proved that the containers which were 5500 years old were used for wine. Therefore Cypriots produced wine a lot earlier before Greeks, possibly even 1500 years earlier.

Cyprus monasteries

The principle religion in Cyprus is Orthodoxy. The biggest part of Cyprus population (around 78% of the total population) belong to the Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus. The Turkish – Cypriots (18%) are Muslim. There are also other minorities such as the Maronites and the Armenian Apostolics, Jewish and Roman Catholics which make up about 4%.

Cyprus in Europe

Cyprus joined the European Union on the 1st of May 2004 after many years of meetings and political talks. In order to enter the EU, Cyprus had to bring many areas to ex the EU standards which Cyprus was expected to have in order to be accepted. However this only applied for the southern part of Cyprus as the northern part is not recognised as an official country or government.