Cyprus is surrounded by the waters of Levantine that is the east basin of the Mediterranean, whose waters are characterised by a high temperature and salt capacity as well as a low concentration of natural ingredients.
Due to the low concentration of natural ingredients, there is a low production of natural organisms and therefore a lower biomass of other marine organisms, including fish.
Nevertheless, the wide variety of habitats which is provided in this area, mainly due to the particular morphology of the seafloor, contributes to the existence of a large variety in organisms. Over 300 types of fish have been found in the sea around Cyprus, some of them being immigrants from the Red Sea through the Suez Canal.
Due to the low biomass of the fish in the sea area of Cyprus in comparison to other areas in the Mediterranean, fishing is not an important area in the Cypriot economy. Its contribution to the gross national product, as a primary production in the industry does not exceed 0.3%, while the annual consumption of fish products per person is relatively low (around 20kg).
Nevertheless, the fishing sector in Cyprus is considered important, particularly because it offers social and economic benefits in coastal areas (creation of jobs, attract visitors, etc.), but also because it contributes in providing fresh and healthy products for consumers.
In addition, recent years have seen a significant increase in the number of anglers, who see the preoccupation with fishing as a means of relaxation and escape from everyday life.