The island of Cyprus is located in the most eastern part of the Mediterranean, connecting three continets; Europe, Asia and Africa. Due to its unique geographical location which renders it as a crossroad of the  eastern Mediterranean basin, Cyprus has a rich and varied history. The island was an attraction point since ancient time, and was first inhabited around 10,500 -8, 400 B.C.

Since ancient times, it was a link between the greatest civilizations, including Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs and the ancient monuments that have been excavated, illustrate the impact as well as the history not only of Cyprus but of the whole of the Mediterranean.  Each conqueror as well as neighbour civilizations have been a source of influence however, Cypriots managed to illustrate all new imported characteristics in a Cypriot way therefore the term "Cypriot style" was created to characterize the archaeological remains.

Chronological table

Period

Date

Akrotiri-Aetokremnos

10th millenium

Aceramic Neolithic

9th millenium - 5200B.C

Ceramic Neolithic

5000 - 3900 B.C

Chalcolithic

3900 - 2500 B.C

Early Bronze Age

2500 - 1900 B.C

Middle Bronze Age

1900 -1600 B.C

Late Bronze Age

1600 -1050 B.C

Geometric

1050 -750 B.C

Archaic

750 - 450 B.C

Classical

480 - 310 B.C

Hellenistic

310 B.C - 30 B.C

Roman

30 B.C - 330 A.D

Early Christian

330 - mid 7th century A.D

Byzantine- Arab raids

mid 7th century  - 965 A.D

Frankish

1191 - 1489 A. D

Venetian

1489 - 1571 A.D

Ottoman

1571 - 1878 A. D

British

1878 - 1960 A.D

Cyprus archaeology video: