Cyprus Archaeology

The island of Cyprus is located in the most eastern part of the Mediterranean, connecting three continets; Europe, Asia and Africa. Due to its unique geographical location which renders it as a crossroad of the  eastern Mediterranean basin, Cyprus has a rich and varied history. The island was an attraction point since ancient time, and was first inhabited around the 11th millennium BC .

Since ancient times, it was a link between the greatest civilizations, including Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs and the ancient monuments that have been excavated, illustrate the impact as well as the history not only of Cyprus but of the whole of the Mediterranean.  Each conqueror as well as neighbour civilizations have been a source of influence however, Cypriots managed to illustrate all new imported characteristics in a Cypriot way therefore the term "Cypriot style" was created to characterize the archaeological remains.

Chronological table

Period

Date

Akrotiri-Aetokremnos

10th millenium

Aceramic Neolithic

9th millenium - 5200B.C

Ceramic Neolithic

5000 - 3900 B.C

Chalcolithic

3900 - 2500 B.C

Early Bronze Age

2500 - 1900 B.C

Middle Bronze Age

1900 -1600 B.C

Late Bronze Age

1600 -1050 B.C

Geometric

1050 -750 B.C

Archaic

750 - 450 B.C

Classical

480 - 310 B.C

Hellenistic

310 B.C - 30 B.C

Roman

30 B.C - 330 A.D

Early Christian

330 - mid 7th century A.D

Byzantine- Arab raids

mid 7th century  - 965 A.D

Frankish

1191 - 1489 A. D

Venetian

1489 - 1571 A.D

Ottoman

1571 - 1878 A. D

British

1878 - 1960 A.D

Cyprus Archaeological sites map

Cyprus Archaeological Sites - All Districts

Tamasos Archaeological Site

The ancient town –kingdom of Tamasos is located about 21 kilometres southwest of Nicosia, at the banks of the Pedieos River. The largest p...

The Venetian Walls of Nicosia

The first walls which surrounded Nicosia during the 14th century were made by the Franks and covered a larger area than the previous Venetia...

Timios Stavros Church - Agiasmati

Stavros tou Agiasmati Church is located in the mountains of Troodos, in the centre area of Cyprus and is considered as one of the most magni...

Timios Stavros Church - Pelendri

Timios Stavros church is located in the village of Pelendri in the Limassol district. It is one of the nine churches of Troodos which are...

Tombs of the Kings - Paphos

The Tombs of the Kings or “Τάφοι των Βασιλέων" in Greek is situated in the Paphos district. More specifically it is locate...

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