Cyprus Archaeology

The island of Cyprus is located in the most eastern part of the Mediterranean, connecting three continets; Europe, Asia and Africa. Due to its unique geographical location which renders it as a crossroad of the  eastern Mediterranean basin, Cyprus has a rich and varied history. The island was an attraction point since ancient time, and was first inhabited around the 11th millennium BC .

Since ancient times, it was a link between the greatest civilizations, including Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs and the ancient monuments that have been excavated, illustrate the impact as well as the history not only of Cyprus but of the whole of the Mediterranean.  Each conqueror as well as neighbour civilizations have been a source of influence however, Cypriots managed to illustrate all new imported characteristics in a Cypriot way therefore the term "Cypriot style" was created to characterize the archaeological remains.

Chronological table

Period

Date

Akrotiri-Aetokremnos

10th millenium

Aceramic Neolithic

9th millenium - 5200B.C

Ceramic Neolithic

5000 - 3900 B.C

Chalcolithic

3900 - 2500 B.C

Early Bronze Age

2500 - 1900 B.C

Middle Bronze Age

1900 -1600 B.C

Late Bronze Age

1600 -1050 B.C

Geometric

1050 -750 B.C

Archaic

750 - 450 B.C

Classical

480 - 310 B.C

Hellenistic

310 B.C - 30 B.C

Roman

30 B.C - 330 A.D

Early Christian

330 - mid 7th century A.D

Byzantine- Arab raids

mid 7th century  - 965 A.D

Frankish

1191 - 1489 A. D

Venetian

1489 - 1571 A.D

Ottoman

1571 - 1878 A. D

British

1878 - 1960 A.D

Cyprus Archaeological sites map

Cyprus Archaeological Sites - All Districts

Panagia tou Moutoulla Church

Panagia tou Moutoulla church is one of the ten churches of the mountain range of Troodos that have been listed as World Cultural Heritage by...

Paphos Acropolis - Odeon

Paphos Acropolis is made up of ancient ruins and buildings of great historical value. The Acropolis is situated near the new Paphos Light...

Paphos Ancient Theatre

The Paphos Ancient Theatre, is located at the northeast corner of the ancient city in Paphos diagonally of the port. It was possibly buil...

Paphos Archaeological Park (Nea Paphos)

The Paphos Archaeological Park is located in Kato Paphos and is considered to be one of the most important archaeological sites in the ...

Paphos Castle

The Paphos Castle or Paphos Fort is located at the Kato Paphos harbour and is considered to be one of the most famous attractions in Paphos....

Paphos Mosaics

The Paphos mosaics are situated near the Paphos harbour at the Paphos Archaeological Park and they are some superbly preserved mosaic r...

Pyrgos tis Rigenas (Tower of Regina) - Xylofagou

The Tower of Rigena of Xylofagou is located about 3 kilometres south of the Xylofagou village in the Larnaca district. It is situated on ...

Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates - Kourion

The Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates is an ancient monument dedicated to the God of Apollo who was thought to be the protector of Kourion. The...

Saranta kolones (Forty columns) - Paphos

Saranta kolones are ruins of an ancient castle located to the north of Paphos harbour and when translated into English means Forty colu...

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