Cyprus Archaeology

The island of Cyprus is located in the most eastern part of the Mediterranean, connecting three continets; Europe, Asia and Africa. Due to its unique geographical location which renders it as a crossroad of the  eastern Mediterranean basin, Cyprus has a rich and varied history. The island was an attraction point since ancient time, and was first inhabited around the 11th millennium BC .

Since ancient times, it was a link between the greatest civilizations, including Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs and the ancient monuments that have been excavated, illustrate the impact as well as the history not only of Cyprus but of the whole of the Mediterranean.  Each conqueror as well as neighbour civilizations have been a source of influence however, Cypriots managed to illustrate all new imported characteristics in a Cypriot way therefore the term "Cypriot style" was created to characterize the archaeological remains.

Chronological table

Period

Date

Akrotiri-Aetokremnos

10th millenium

Aceramic Neolithic

9th millenium - 5200B.C

Ceramic Neolithic

5000 - 3900 B.C

Chalcolithic

3900 - 2500 B.C

Early Bronze Age

2500 - 1900 B.C

Middle Bronze Age

1900 -1600 B.C

Late Bronze Age

1600 -1050 B.C

Geometric

1050 -750 B.C

Archaic

750 - 450 B.C

Classical

480 - 310 B.C

Hellenistic

310 B.C - 30 B.C

Roman

30 B.C - 330 A.D

Early Christian

330 - mid 7th century A.D

Byzantine- Arab raids

mid 7th century  - 965 A.D

Frankish

1191 - 1489 A. D

Venetian

1489 - 1571 A.D

Ottoman

1571 - 1878 A. D

British

1878 - 1960 A.D

Cyprus Archaeological sites map

Cyprus Archaeological Sites - All Districts

Gefiri tou Roudia (Roudia Venetian Bridge)

The Gefiri tou Roudia Bridge (Roudia Venetian Bridge) is located at a smaller river off the Xeros River, in an overgrown area in the Pa...

Gefiri tou Tzelefou (Tzelefos Venetian Bridge)

Tzelefos Bridge (Gefiri tou Tzelefou – Greek: γεφύρι του Τζιελεφού) is a Venetian bridge and is located at an altitude o...

Kalavasos Tenta - Archaeological Site

Kalavasos Tenta refers to a hill which is about 20 meters high, over the west side of the Valley of Vasiliko, 2.5kilometres from t...

Kition Archaeological Site

The Archaeological site of Kition, which includes the two locations Kathari and Pamboula, is located in the modern town of Larnaca. From ...

Kolossi castle

Kolossi castle was initially constructed in the 13th century and it was then rebuilt in its present form during mid-15th century. This well ...

Kourion Archaeological Site

Kourion archaeological site is located on the west coast of Limassol in the small town of Episkopi. Kourion was an ancient city...

Kyrenia Gate

The Kyrenia Gate is a gate at the Walls of Nicosia, located in the north Turkish occupied part of Nicosia in Cyprus. It was the gate whic...

Larnaca Castle

The Larnaca castle is located on the southern point of the coastal avenue known as ‘’Foinikoudes’’ in Larnaca. It was founded during...

Lavrentios House/Museum - Kalopanayiotis Village

The House of the Metropolite of Kyrineias Lavrentiou The House of the Metropolite of Kyrineias is located in the Kalopanayiotis village ,...

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