Since ancient times, Cyprus was a pole of attraction for many civilizations. Due to its unique geographical location, the island played a crucial role in the history of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Apart from its geographical position, the rich (piges) of copper and timber and other supplies, Cyprus was a desirable place for conquerors. Throughout the centuries, several conquerors passed from Cyprus, such as the Egyptians, the Assyrians, Alexander the Great, Romans, Crusaders, Lusignans and various others.
Therefore, the castles in Cyprus were part of the defence of the island, against invasions or threats. The Cyprus castles are just few, however they have been erected by various rulers illustrating the culture of each one. Four of the castles are situated in the occupied part of the Island, and those are the Kyrenia Castle, Kantara Castle, St. Hilarion Castle and Buffanvento Castle.
On the (free) side of Cyprus the castles built are: Paphos castle, the Limassol castle the Kolossi castle in Limassol and Saranta Kolones castle in Paphos.