Since ancient times, Cyprus was a pole of attraction for many civilizations.  Due to its unique geographical location, the island played a crucial role in the history of the Eastern Mediterranean.

Apart from its geographical position, the rich (piges) of copper and timber and other supplies, Cyprus was a desirable place for conquerors. Throughout the centuries, several conquerors  passed from Cyprus, such as the Egyptians, the Assyrians, Alexander the Great, Romans, Crusaders, Lusignans and various others.

Therefore, the castles in Cyprus were part of the defence of the island, against invasions or threats. The Cyprus castles are just few, however they have been erected  by various rulers illustrating the culture of each one. Four of the castles are situated in the occupied part of the Island, and those are the Kyrenia Castle, Kantara Castle, St. Hilarion Castle and Buffanvento Castle.

On the (free) side of Cyprus the castles built are: Paphos castle, the Limassol castle the Kolossi castle in Limassol  and Saranta Kolones castle in Paphos.

Cyprus castles photos: 
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Cyprus castles map

Cyprus castles by location (district)

Kolossi castle

Kolossi castle was initially constructed in the 13th century and it was then rebuilt in its present form during mid-15th century. This well ...

Larnaca castle

The Larnaca castle is located on the southern point of the coastal avenue known as ‘’Foinikoudes’’ in Larnaca. It was founded during...

Limassol castle

Limassol castle dates back to the Medieval Period and is located at the centre of the historical Limassol very close to the Limassol harbour...

Paphos Castle - Paphos Fort

Paphos Castle or Paphos Fort is located at the Kato Paphos harbor.The Paphos castle was originally a byzantine fortress which was built in o...

Saranda kolones (Forty columns)

Saranda kolones are ruins of an ancient castle located to the north of Paphos harbour and when translated into English means Forty colu...

St Hilarion castle

St Hilarion castle is located on the Kyrenia mountain range, in Cyprus. Its location was such as to allow the castle with command of the pas...