Cyprus Archaeology

The island of Cyprus is located in the most eastern part of the Mediterranean, connecting three continets; Europe, Asia and Africa. Due to its unique geographical location which renders it as a crossroad of the  eastern Mediterranean basin, Cyprus has a rich and varied history. The island was an attraction point since ancient time, and was first inhabited around the 11th millennium BC .

Since ancient times, it was a link between the greatest civilizations, including Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs and the ancient monuments that have been excavated, illustrate the impact as well as the history not only of Cyprus but of the whole of the Mediterranean.  Each conqueror as well as neighbour civilizations have been a source of influence however, Cypriots managed to illustrate all new imported characteristics in a Cypriot way therefore the term "Cypriot style" was created to characterize the archaeological remains.

Chronological table

Period

Date

Akrotiri-Aetokremnos

10th millenium

Aceramic Neolithic

9th millenium - 5200B.C

Ceramic Neolithic

5000 - 3900 B.C

Chalcolithic

3900 - 2500 B.C

Early Bronze Age

2500 - 1900 B.C

Middle Bronze Age

1900 -1600 B.C

Late Bronze Age

1600 -1050 B.C

Geometric

1050 -750 B.C

Archaic

750 - 450 B.C

Classical

480 - 310 B.C

Hellenistic

310 B.C - 30 B.C

Roman

30 B.C - 330 A.D

Early Christian

330 - mid 7th century A.D

Byzantine- Arab raids

mid 7th century  - 965 A.D

Frankish

1191 - 1489 A. D

Venetian

1489 - 1571 A.D

Ottoman

1571 - 1878 A. D

British

1878 - 1960 A.D

Cyprus Archaeological sites map

Cyprus Archaeological Sites - All Districts

Limassol Castle

Limassol castle dates back to the Medieval Period and is located at the centre of the historical Limassol very close to the Limassol harbour...

Maa Palaiokastro Archaeological Site

The Maa Palaiokastro Archaeological Site is situated in the Coral Bay area of the Peyia Municipality. The site is also located about 13 kilo...

Malloura Archaeological Site, Athienou

The Malloura Archaeological Site is located in the village of Athienou in the Larnaca district. The archaeological excavations have been con...

Medieval Walls of Nicosia

The Medieval Walls of Nicosia are located in the town of Nicosia. The first walls which surrounded Nicosia during the 14th century were made...

Palaipaphos (Kouklia) Archaeological Site

Palepaphos which means old Paphos was one of the most honoured praying centres of the Greek world, and was once a city-kingdom of Cyprus. ...

Panagia Angeloktisti Church

Panagia Angeloktisti Church is located in the village of Kiti, in Larnaca. The church, dates back to the 11th century and was erected ove...

Panagia Asinou Church - Nikitari

The Panagia Asinou church is located at the mountains of Troodos, at the centre part of Cyprus. At this church are some of the greatest m...

Panagia Podithou Church - Galata

Panagia Podithou Church is situated near the village of Galata, in the mountains of the Troodos range. The Church of Panagia Podithou as ...

Panagia tou Araka Church

Panagia tou Araka church is one of the ten byzantine churches of the Troodos mountain range that have been granted World Culture Heritage st...

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