Cyprus Archaeology

The island of Cyprus is located in the most eastern part of the Mediterranean, connecting three continets; Europe, Asia and Africa. Due to its unique geographical location which renders it as a crossroad of the  eastern Mediterranean basin, Cyprus has a rich and varied history. The island was an attraction point since ancient time, and was first inhabited around the 11th millennium BC .

Since ancient times, it was a link between the greatest civilizations, including Egyptians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs and the ancient monuments that have been excavated, illustrate the impact as well as the history not only of Cyprus but of the whole of the Mediterranean.  Each conqueror as well as neighbour civilizations have been a source of influence however, Cypriots managed to illustrate all new imported characteristics in a Cypriot way therefore the term "Cypriot style" was created to characterize the archaeological remains.

Chronological table

Period

Date

Akrotiri-Aetokremnos

10th millenium

Aceramic Neolithic

9th millenium - 5200B.C

Ceramic Neolithic

5000 - 3900 B.C

Chalcolithic

3900 - 2500 B.C

Early Bronze Age

2500 - 1900 B.C

Middle Bronze Age

1900 -1600 B.C

Late Bronze Age

1600 -1050 B.C

Geometric

1050 -750 B.C

Archaic

750 - 450 B.C

Classical

480 - 310 B.C

Hellenistic

310 B.C - 30 B.C

Roman

30 B.C - 330 A.D

Early Christian

330 - mid 7th century A.D

Byzantine- Arab raids

mid 7th century  - 965 A.D

Frankish

1191 - 1489 A. D

Venetian

1489 - 1571 A.D

Ottoman

1571 - 1878 A. D

British

1878 - 1960 A.D

Cyprus Archaeological sites map

Cyprus Archaeological Sites - All Districts

Amathus Archaeological Site

The Amathus archaeological site is located 11km east of Limassol centre and is considered as one of the most important ancient and historica...

Ancient City of Marion

Following the example of Alexander the Great, the Ptolemean founded many new cities. In Cyprus the city of Marion (today’s Polis Chrysocho...

Ancient Solon Theatre - Morphou

Herodotos mentions that the town of Solon was built under the instruction of Solona , in whose honour the name of the town was given. Soloi ...

Apostle Varnava and Ilariona Church - Peristerona Village

The church of the Apostles Varnava and Ilariona is located in the Peristerona Village in the Nicosia district. Along with the church of A...

Archangelos Michael Church - Pedoulas

The Archangelos Michael church is located in the main part of Cyprus, within the Troodos mountains range. Here in the heart of the mountain ...

Bellapais Abbey

Bellapais Abbey is located in Bellapais of Kerynia in the occupied part of Cyprus and it is one of the most important memorials of Gothic mo...

Choirokoitia Settlement - Archaeological Site

At the valley of the Saint Mina River, at the bottom of Troodos is the Neolithic settlement of Choirokoitia in the Larnaca district. The set...

Fabrica Hill - Paphos

Fabrica Hill is located in the northeast part of the ancient town of Paphos and the hill has many archaeological remains in it, in...

Fabrica Hill - Paphos

Fabrica Hill is located in the northeast part of the ancient town of Paphos and the hill has many archaeological remains in it, in...

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