The largest cities in the island are Nicosia (which is the capital city), Larnaca, Limassol, Paphos, Famagusta and Kyrenia (which are under the illegal Turkish occupation).
The island has three main geographical regions. The Troodos mountain which is made up volcanic rock and some limestone alone with iron and copper pyrites, asbestos and chromium. The highest mountain peak is Mount Olympus which is 1952 m. The mountains are usually covered in snow in the winter. The Troodos mountain range is said to be the result of a collision which the two tectonic plates (European and African) had.
On the northern side, there is another mountain range; the Kyrenia Range which reaches 1000 m. Pentadaktylos is a mountain mass which is part of the Kyrenia Mountains and which runs 160 km along the North coast. It got is name because the mountain resembles five fingers which is the meaning of the word Pentadaktylos. The Kyrenia Mountains include many historical castles and monasteries such as the St. Hilarion Castle.
Between the two mountain ranges is the plain of Mesaoria where most of the agriculture of the island is located. The Mesaoria plain is an area of1000 km².²It rises to an altitude of 325 m (1066 ft), with an average elevation of perhaps 100 m (330 ft).
Akamas Peninsula is a cape at the northwest of the island with an area of 230 square kilometres. The area is not very easy to access as there are no proper roads. Therefore there is a large diversity of flora and fauna there. Many geological formations of Cyprus can be found here, from narrow deep valleys, caves and islets to gorges such as that of Avakas, resulting in a real geological mosaic.
Akrotiri Peninsula is a small peninsula at the southern part of the island. On the one side is the Episkopi Bay and on the other side is the Akrotiri Bay with two capes , Cape Zeygari and Cape Gata.