Agros is a village in the Limassol district in Cyprus. According to the inventory of 2011, it had 806 residents. Agros is built amphitheatrically between tall mountains at an altitude of 1100 metres.
It borders with Agio Ioanni to the south, with Kato Mylos to the southwest, with Potamitissa to the west, with Agridia to the northwest, with Polystypos to the north and with Alona and Agio Theodoro to the east.
The village is well known for its rose water industry, as well as its local products. Agros maintains the traditional character and has special natural beauty as well as rich historical and cultural areas. It preserves its customs and its traditions. With the modern motorways it forms a hub between Nicosia – Limassol and Troodos.
The village Agros received its name from the Great Agros Monastery which was built in the area where today’s Virgin Mary chapel is built. The great iconoclast and abbot of the Virgin Mary Eleousa Monastery, who was called the “Saint Theophanis of the Great Agros” coming from Asia Minor had been condemned and chased. He was banished to Samothrace where he died in 817.
Because the abbot denied signing the emperor’s decree he was condemned. According to tradition, the monks which stayed with him in the same monastery in Asia Minor, decided to come to Cyprus after his death. For a certain amount of time they lived in a village in the Agros area. Later on, they built a new monastery and they named it the same name as the original monastery which was “The Great Agros Monastery”.
In 817 they brought the icon of the Virgin Mary Eleousa to the monastery. As the monastery was full with monks, it operated normally. Later on between the 16th and 17th century, a great cholera epidemic fell upon Cyprus, and the 2/3 of the residents died. The area residents built their houses outside the monastery, under the roof of the Virgin Mary. That is how the Agros village was created. The monastery operated as normal until 1830.
Later as the monastery did not accommodate monks any more the metropolis began to rent the rooms and they started to take advantage of the monastery. This tactic continued until 1880. It must be noted that during the Turkish occupation the residents gave their land to the monastery in order to avoid the taxes which were imposed upon them. Therefore the residents rebelled and wanted revenge.
One of the residents had suggested that if the monastery was demolished, then the metropolis wouldn’t have any rights. That way in 1894 they demolished the monastery. When the minister went to the monastery he was surprised. This wasn’t accepted by the metropolis which resulted in placing fines to the residents.
Installations and resident engagements
The village has a child-minders station, a nursery, primary, gymnasium, lyceum, agriculture training centre, police station, post office, health centre banks, supermarket, football field, indoor basketball court and regional theatre. The main produce of the village is grapes, garden products, excellent quality fruit, soutzouko, traditional type meats (sausages, lountza, and chiromeri), traditional spoon sweets and jams. Its residents also engage in tourism (one and three star hotels, tourist apartments, guest rooms, traditional cafes, taverns and entertainment centres).