Larnaca Salt Lake is located at the southwest part of the town of Larnaca, east of the villages Meneou and Dromolaxia, near the Larnaca Airport. To the west side of the bank, is the Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque. This large saltwater lake is home to an array of unique flora and fauna and is a popular destination for nature lovers, birdwatchers, and photographers. The lake is made up by a network of four salt lakes of different sizes, three of which are connected. Their total extent reaches 1761 hectares. The four lakes are called Alyki, Soros , Orfani and the forth one is a small lake which was part of Orfani but was cut off due to the construction of the Larnaca Airport runway.
Larnaca Salt Lake was formed around 2000 years ago and is the second-largest salt lake in Cyprus. The lake is a result of a complex geological process that began when the sea receded from the area, leaving behind salt deposits that were then covered by sedimentary rock. The lake is fed by a network of underground springs and rainwater, which has resulted in the formation of a shallow lake that is only a few meters deep. The lake's high salinity levels prevent most fish and other aquatic creatures from living in the water. The Larnaca Salt Lake is considered to be a wetland of international importance and it is protected by the Ramsar Convention since 2001, while it has also been characterised as a Zone of Special Protection since 2005.
Larnaca Salt Lake is a haven for a wide variety of plant and animal life, many of which are unique to the area. The lake is home to a number of salt-tolerant plant species, including saltwort, glasswort, and sea lavender. These plants provide a habitat for a range of insects, including dragonflies and damselflies. The lake is also home to a number of bird species, including flamingos, which are a common sight during the winter months. Other birds that can be seen at the lake include various species of herons, egrets, and ducks. Each year, at the same time the Larnaca Salt Lake is painted pink by the thousands of Flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) that overwinter on its banks.
Visitors to Larnaca Salt Lake can enjoy a range of activities, including birdwatching, hiking, and cycling. The area surrounding the lake is home to a number of trails and paths, which allow visitors to explore the beautiful natural landscapes of the area. The lake is also a popular spot for photography, particularly during the winter months when the flamingos are in residence. The lake's unique salt formations and stunning sunsets make for some incredible photo opportunities.
Larnaca Salt Lake is a natural wonder that is well worth a visit. With its unique flora and fauna, stunning landscapes, and range of activities, it's a must-see for anyone visiting Cyprus. Whether you're a nature lover, birdwatcher, or photographer, there's something for everyone at Larnaca Salt Lake. So why not plan a trip and discover this beautiful and unique natural wonder for yourself?