The Skouriotissa Mine is located in the village of Skouriotissa in the Nicosia district. The deposits of Foukasa , Finikia and Tria Vounarka were located in the mining area of Skouriotissa , in which the exploitation still continues until today.
The Foukasa deposit was found and was exploited since antiquity. This can be confirmed by the piles of rust (around 2.000.000 tons) as well as the ancient galleries which were found during the deposit’s exploitation in the later years.
The continuous exploitation of the mentioned deposits during the later years begin in 1921 and continues until today. From 1921 until 1974 the exploitation was undertaken both underground and on the surface. During this period, around 7.804.000 tons of metal were excavated with an average content of 2,3% Cu και 42% S.
The metal exploitation took place in a metal enrichment factory at the Xeros River for the production of condensed copper and pyrite and the precipitation of the dissolved copper with scrap iron for the production of sediment copper. The exportation of the final products occurred by a load shipping ladder at Xeros River.
During the period 1982-1993 there was an excavation of 608.000 tons of poor metal with an average content of 0,8% Cu applying the method of copper extraction with the assistance of light acid solution and the precipitation with scrap iron for the production of copper sediment containing 70% Cu.a
From 1996, a hydro metal unit which produces copper metal purity has operated. This unit has an innovative method of processing the copper solution with an organic exporter – electrolysis. It is estimated that from 1996 until 2007 about 7.500.000 tons of metal have been exploited with a content of 0,7% Cu.