The community of Kapedes is located about 25 kilometres south of Nicosia, at the bottom of the Machera Mountains on the road which leads to the monastery. It is a semi mountain village with barely any valley area, besides the very small areas to the north that is why the properties extend until Marki , while to the south they reach up to Kionia. The average altitude of the village is 560 metres.
The area of the village is split from the river of Pidia, and from the smaller rivers of Yialia which cross the area. The village has an average rainfall of about 480 kilometres.
The villagers used to cultivate vineyards during the older years. However due to the non productivity of the land, the residents have turned towards the more technical occupations. There are very few farmers and live stock owners.
The products which are grown are olives, almond trees and wheat. The largest part of the village is not cultivated.
The village borders with the village Kambia to the north, to the northeast with the village Analyontas, to the west with the village Lythrodontas and to the southwest with the Monastery of Macheras.
The population of Kapedes has shown an increasing development from 1881. In 1881 the residents were 212, while in 1891 they increased to 241. In 1901 it slightly increased to 247 residents and in 1911 to 282. Again in 1921 there is a slight increase of 288 residents flowing 302 in 1931. In 1946 there is a large difference which brings the number up to 393. In 1960 the residents were 411 and in 1973 they began decreasing to 373. In 1976 after the war the residents began increasing to 407 while in 1982 they decreased again to 362. The last inventory was in 2001 which numbered 530 residents.
The village was very well known from the earlier years of the Copper Era. This can be backed up by the copper mines which were found in the ancient area of Tamassos as well as the debris which was left. Once of the largest copper mines in Cyprus was the one at Kapedes.
During the ruling of Titus in Rome 79-81 A.C, it is mentioned that a volcanic eruption possibly of the Tyrannous mountain destroyed the village along with another two without mentioning their name however. We can therefore conclude that the communities were to the northeast of Kapedes, where there are ruins from the roman era. This information does not however seem to agree with reality as geologists who studied the ruins can report that a phenomenon during this era did not occur.
Later on in 1464, it is mentioned that Kapedes were given as a gift to Benedetto Vernazza. The Archimandrite Kyprianos of the Archangelos mentioned that Kapedes were owned by a family of Venetians, related to Benedetto Vernazza, who abandoned it due to the low income they received from it.
Kapedes were under the Turkish occupation during this time, also possibly under the ruling of the Franks and the Venetian. The monastery of Macheras had land ownership of the village and some of the monks were from Kapedes.
History shows us that we cannot be certain about anything. The same applies for the name of the village. That is why there are various versions:
The first version states that, as a part of the Archangelos monastery was used in order to remove ten monks who did not listen to the rules. Therefore the other monks said “Pano stous deka pedes” which slowly became “ka-pe-des”.
A second version states that the shepherds lived in the area with their families. The shepherds though created some disturbance and were called “kakoi pedes”. Therefore anyone that visited them said they were going to the “kakous pedes” which again through time became Kapedes.
The third version has to do with the mines. It is said that the name of the village came from the “Kapakia” of the mines that is the metal layer which is plentiful in the area. With the passing of time it became Kapedes.