Cyprus is a small island located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 km (71 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km (75 miles) west of the Syrian coast. The island is one of the most popular vacation destinations in Europe as it has wonderful weather (more info about the island's wonderful weather on Cyprus weather.)
Cyprus is also considered as one of the most popular vacation destinations due to its strategic location in the Mediterranean which is a crossroad point of three major continents Europe, Asia and Africa. Another reason why Cyprus is such a popular destination is due to the fact that is one of the most beautiful islands and offers a variety of attractions and things to do ranging from historical attractions such as medieval castles and archaeological sites to other cultural attractions such as beautiful beaches, villages, churches, monasteries and much more.
Moreover, the location of Cyprus is also the reason why many civilisations have desired to conquer it. You can refer to Cyprus history where it can be traced all the way back to the Mycenaeans , the Phoenicians , Egyptians , Assyrians and Persians.
The countries surrounding the island of Cyprus are Greece (to the east) , Turkey (to the south) , Lebanon, Syria (to the west), Israel and Egypt (to the north) . It is also the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea after Sicily and Sardinia with an area of 9,251 sq. km. Geographically the island of Cyprus belongs to the Middle East , however due to its strong ties with Europe and in particular with Greece , it is considered a part of west Europe.
Cyprus is divided into two parts. The Southern Cyprus which is inhabited by the Greek- Cypriots and Northern Cyprus which is illegally inhabited by the Turkish - Cypriots after the invasion war of 1974. The Greek- Cypriot side comprises the 70 % of the island while the other 30% is comprised by the Turkish- Cypriots. The Greek –Cypriot side is the only part which is a recognised member of the European Union.
The largest cities in Cyprus are Nicosia (which is the capital city), Larnaca, Limassol, Paphos, Famagusta and Kyrenia (parts of which are currently under the Turkish occupation).